Richmond Palace was built by Henry VII in 1497 and replaced the wooden buildings of an earlier palace. Henry called the new palace, Richmond Palace, after his family’s title of the Earl of Richmond. Henry VII died at Richmond Palace in 1509.
A survey of 1649 describes the palace as having a great hall one hundred feet in length, and forty in breadth. The prince's lodgings are described as a "freestone building, three stories high, with fourteen turrets covered with lead". There was a round tower called the "Canted Tower," with a staircase of one hundred and twenty-four steps. The chapel was ninety-six feet long and forty broad, with cathedral-seats and pews. Adjoining the prince's garden was an open gallery, two hundred feet long, over which was a close gallery of similar length. There was also a royal library, and the palace was richly decorated with tapestries.
In 1502, the new palace witnessed the betrothal of the daughter of Henry VII, Margaret, and King James IV of Scotland. In 1533, Richmond became the principle residence of Henry's daughter Mary after she was evicted from her previous residence of Beaulieu. Mary only stayed a short time before she was ordered to Hatfield House to wait on the newly born Princess Elizabeth.
In 1520, Wolsey, his chief minister, fell out of favour, and Henry confiscated his palace of Hampton Court and forced him to accept Richmond Palace in exchange.
In 1540, Henry gave the palace to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves as part of her divorce settlement.
In 1554, the future Elizabeth I was held prisoner at Richmond. Once Elizabeth became queen she spent much of her time at Richmond, as she enjoyed hunting stags in the "Newe Parke of Richmonde".
Within months of the execution of Charles I in 1649, Richmond palace was surveyed by order of Parliament to see what it could fetch in terms of raw materials. Over the next ten years it was largely demolished, the stones being re-used as building materials. All that remains of the palace today are the Wardrobe, Trumpeters' House and the 1501 Gate House.
Richmond Museum has some information and a model of the palace.